Abstract Detail

Poster Session

Acharya, Ram P. [1], Kunwar, Ripu M. [2], Mahat, Laxmi [1], Paudel, prashant [3], Shrestha, Keshab [4], Bussmann, Rainer W. [5].

Ethnobotanical Versatility at the Crossroads of Socio-economy, Culture, Ecology and Climate change.

Indigenous resources (medicinal plants, habitats, and knowledge) have long been used as vital components in indigenous medicines in Farwestern Nepal. However, socio-cultural transformation, habitat degradation, and invasion of exotic species have limited both communication and application of indigenous medicine and the changes in land-use and local climate curtailed the effects. Indigenous medicines have now evolved after the shock of original and natural contacts. A month-long field study carried out at lower Kailash Sacred Landscape area between December 2015 and January 2016 consulted 45 traditional healers and found a record of usefulness of 154 plant species under rubrics of ethnobotanical including 110 ethnomedicinal. Following the informant consensus index and 3 mentions, only 45 medicinal plants were found to be useful and 28 types of diseases and ailments were worth analyzing. A total of nine species were non-indigenous and foraging sites were immediate and ruderal. The useful non-indigenous ones were Agave cantula, Ageratina adenophora, Ageratum conyzioides, Aloe vera, Erigeron annua, and Oxalis corymbosa. Diffusion of original and indigenous resources, effacing indigenous knowledge and transformations in socio-economy, culture and local climate led local people to search alternatives. Increasing acquisition of nearby species and immediate sites justifies Utilitarian Redundancy Hypothesis, Ecological Appearance Theory and Ethnobotanical Diversification Hypothesis. Thus, we assert that the ethnobotany in Farwestern Nepal is versatile and based on disturbance regimes.

1 - Practical Solution Consultancy Nepal Pvt. Ltd.
2 - Florida Atlantic University, Department of Geosciences
3 - Georg-August University, Theador-Heuss-stress-11, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, 37075
4 - Tribhuvan University, Natural History Museum, Kirtipur, Kathamndu, Nepal
5 - Missouri Botanical Garden, Willian L Brown Center, USA

medicinal plant
disturbance regimes
Ageratina adenophora
Farwestern Nepal.

Presentation Type: Poster
Abstract ID:45
Candidate for Awards:None