Abstract Detail

Poster Session

Kitagawa, Junko [1], Yoshida, Akihiro [2], Shinozuka, Yoshitsugu [3].

Cold period developed the buckwheat culture in Fukui, Japan.

Echizen area (northern Fukui prefecture of central Japan) is well-known for a buckwheat noodle (Echizen-soba). The history of buckwheat in Fukui was dates back to 400 years ago. It was spread in the area for famine relief by the feudal lord in those days. It became a culture of Echizen area. The history of buckwheat plantation in Japan is very long, at least 3300 years. It was introduced from the Eurasian Continent and then Emperor encouraged the cultivation for famine relief in 8th century. The high percentages of buckwheat pollen were observed in soil samples from Nara (the capital city in those days) during the 8th century. Comparing with this evidence, the history of buckwheat cultivation is very short in Echizen area although the southern part of Fukui prefecture had a strong contact to the capital city, Nara and Kyoto for food supply. In this study, we took sediment cores from Lake Kitagata, Echizen area, and performed pollen analysis in the cores, in order to detect when buckwheat cultivation started in the area and to see if the cultivation was intensive after 400 years ago. The buckwheat cultivation in the Echizen area dates back to late 13th century and it was as intensive as that after 400 years ago. It is said that Little Ice Age started from 13th Century in Japan, so people has already started it for famine relief.

1 - Fukui Prefectural Satoyama-Satoumi Research Institute, 122-31-1 Torihama , Wakasa, 919-1331, Japan
2 - Kagoshima University, Faculty of Low, Economics and Humanities, 1-21-30 Korimoto, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan
3 - Ritsumeikan University, R-GIRO, 56-1 Kitamachi, Tojiin, Kita-ku, Kyoto, 603-8577, Japan

Echizen-soba culture
pollen analysis
Lake Kitagata
Little Ice Age.

Presentation Type: Poster
Abstract ID:20
Candidate for Awards:None